Momentum has been building all autumn, with highly touted names including Snowflake, Palantir Technologies and Asana all going public in the past couple months. But those deals turn out to be just the prologue to a December surge unlike anything Wall Street has seen since … well, since all the way back in 2019.
A quartet of consumer-focused Silicon Valley unicorns filed for IPOs, which is one of 11 things you need to know from the past week:
1. A frenzy of filings
The biggest name to submit paperwork this week for a long-awaited leap to Wall Street was Airbnb, setting the stage for a deal that could raise $3 billion at a valuation of some $30 billion. As my colleague James Thorne wrote, Airbnb’s filing gave the public its first detailed look at how the pandemic has altered the vacation rental company’s financial picture.
The headline numbers are a loss of $697 million on revenue of $2.5 billion through the first nine months of 2020, compared to a $323 million loss on revenue of $3.7 billion during the same stretch last year. The worst damage from COVID-19, though, seems to be in the rearview mirror: Airbnb actually logged a net profit of $219 million in Q3 after losing more than $575 million in Q2.
Airbnb CEO Brian Chesky has long resisted submitting to the burdens that come with being a public company. He was also reluctant to dial back grand ambitions like creating content for TV shows, as Reuters detailed this week. But the pandemic proved to be the event that finally forced his hand. For Chesky, going public may be bittersweet; for the company’s longtime employees holding stock options set to expire early next year, there’s probably nothing bitter about it.
The S-1 also revealed the size of the stakes acquired by Silver Lake and Sixth Street Partners when the two private equity investors provided Airbnb with much-needed debt and equity financing in April, a round that reportedly valued the company at about $18 billion. Silver Lake now holds 23.5% of Airbnb’s Class A shares, with Sixth Street holding another 18.5%. The company’s Class B shares, meanwhile, which come with 20 times the voting power, are still concentrated among executives and VCs. Sequoia owns 16.6% of Class B shares, and Founders Fund holds another 5.4%.
Founders Fund is also among the largest private backers of Affirm, another entrant in this week’s race from Silicon Valley to Wall Street. Led by PayPal co-founder Max Levchin, the fintech company offers buy-now, pay-later services for a range of consumer products. Just two months ago Affirm raised a $510 million private round.
Affirm revealed a net loss of $112.6 million against $509.6 million in revenue for its fiscal year ended June 30, compared to a $120 million loss on revenue of $264 million a year earlier. That 93% year-over-year jump in revenue certainly creates an attractive growth curve. A startling amount of that cash, though, came from a single source: Purchases from Peloton represented about 28% of Affirm’s total revenue during that last fiscal year.
Like Affirm, Wish is a VC-backed San Francisco-based company that helps consumers buy things. And like Affirm, Wish filed for an IPO this week, a little more than a year after it raised a reported $300 million round that valued the company at $11.2 billion.
Wish operates an ecommerce platform not unlike Amazon’s, where merchants can list their own products and sell directly to consumers. It’s a model that created $1.7 billion in revenue through the first nine months of 2020, although Wish still recorded a net loss of $176 million. Investors DST Global (24.1%), Formation8 (16.1%) and Founders Fund (14.3%)—yes, them again—combine to own more than 50% of Wish’s Class A shares, but a dual-class structure means they control less than 12% of its voting power.
That leaves Roblox, the source of this week’s final filing, the operator of an online gaming platform for kids that has seen explosive growth in the social-distancing days of the pandemic. The company reported 31.1 million average daily active users through the first nine months of the year, an 82% YoY increase.
That surge in traffic led to a 68% YoY leap in revenue, up to $589 million through the first nine months of the year. But like every other startup on this list, Roblox is still losing money: $206 million through the end of September, compared to $46 million in the same period last year.
In February, shortly before the pandemic arrived in earnest, Andreessen Horowitz led a $150 million investment that valued Roblox at about $4 billion, according to PitchBook data. Altos Ventures (21.3%), Meritech Capital (10.3%) and Index Ventures (9.9%) all own double-digit stakes in the company.
That’s four looming IPOs from consumer-facing companies that have combined to raise some $7 billion in venture backing and currently hold a combined valuation north of $36 billion, according to PitchBook data and various reports. And that’s only the IPO filings that were submitted in the narrow confines of the past seven days.
Last Friday, DoorDash filed for what will in all likelihood be another massive December offering. Instacart is reportedly planning a potential $30 billion IPO for early next year. And reports emerged this week that Robinhood is preparing a listing of its own for 2021, an event that just might cause some sort of day-trading singularity.
Twelve months ago, we all thought that 2019 would go down in the history books as a year of unprecedented VC-backed IPOs: Uber, Lyft, Pinterest, Zoom Video Communications, Beyond Meat, Slack and Peloton were just some of the names to take the leap. Even if the pipeline was just as packed in 2020, one might have reasonably expected the pandemic to postpone some plans.
But instead, this golden age of unicorn IPOs just keeps going.
2. Intellectual property
Let us shift from IPOs to IP. Taylor Swift’s struggles with the private equity industry continued this week, as Shamrock Capital reportedly struck a $300 million deal to acquire the rights to the pop star’s first six albums from Ithaca Holdings, a portfolio company of The Carlyle Group. Adam Lewis has more details on the controversial deal. In other music rights news, Round Hill Music Royalty Partners closed a $291 million private equity fund it has already deployed to buy the rights to songs from artists ranging from Black Sabbath to Limp Bizkit.
More than two years after a $753 million acquisition of PillPack that presaged such a move, Amazon has formally launched Amazon Pharmacy, a new service that will allow patients to purchase subscription medications on the ubiquitous platform. Two startups that rely on the Amazon ecosystem, meanwhile, raised nine-figure rounds this week: Heyday, which works with founders to acquire and launch ecommerce brands, brought in $175 million, and SellerX, another company that buys and builds Amazon shops, hauled in a reported €100 million (about $119 million) in a massive seed round.
4. Pandemic progress
Promising news on the COVID-19 vaccine front in recent days was accompanied by a VC-backed first: Lucira Health, which raised a $32.5 million venture round earlier this year, became the first company approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to offer an at-home test for the virus. The startup’s backers include Eclipse Ventures, DCVC and Y Combinator.
5. Edtech unicorns
Udemy, an online learning company that specializes in massive online open courses, better known as MOOCs, raised $50 million this week at a pre-money valuation of $3.25 billion, with Chinese tech giant Tencent among the investors, Bloomberg reported. Duolingo is a very different kind of edtech company, offering an app that helps users learn new languages. But it also raised new unicorn funding this week, hauling in $35 million at a valuation of $2.4 billion.
6. Market moves
The past week brought a pair of takeovers that might be particularly notable to public investors. Nasdaq, which is best known for operating its eponymous stock exchanges, agreed to pay $2.75 billion to acquire Verafin, which specializes in detecting financial fraud. And Genstar Capital agreed to sell its majority stake in Institutional Shareholder Services, a proxy advisory firm that helps investors navigate shareholder votes, to Deutsche Börse, the European exchange operator, for an equity valuation of nearly $2.3 billion.
7. Fraud fallout
Disgraced German payments provider Wirecard agreed to sell certain tech assets in Europe to financial giant Santander for €100 million, a step toward unwinding a company that entered insolvency in June after some $2 billion went missing. In the VC world, meanwhile, Bessemer Venture Partners led a $125 million investment in Forter, valuing the company, which specializes in preventing ecommerce fraud, at more than $1.3 billion.
8. Fundraising debuts
Overall, it’s been a quiet year for first-time fundraisers in the private markets. But it was a noisy week. Teleo Capital closed its inaugural fund on $250 million, while Pike Street Capital, another lower-middle-market private equity firm, wrapped up its first vehicle with $237 million in commitments. The largest debut fund of the week came from SR One, which closed a $500 million venture fund not long after completing its spinout from GlaxoSmithKline.
9. GTCR cashes in
Two healthcare companies backed by Chicago-based private equity firm GTCR each raised more than $1 billion in public offerings late this week. Maravai LifeSciences, which supplies products used in drug development, diagnostics and more, brought in over $1.6 billion in an upsized IPO. And Sotera Health, which specializes in sterilization, lab testing and advisory services, generated some $1.1 billion in proceeds with a listing of its own.
10. Clearlake’s collection
It isn’t often you see five transactions from one private equity firm in the same week. But Clearlake Capital Group achieved just that. The Los Angeles-area firm completed acquisitions of insurance tech companies Advisen and Zywave, agreed to buy pet food provider WellPet, reached a deal to purchase PrimeSource from Platinum Equity, and struck another agreement to buy nThrive Technology, with PE Hub reporting that final deal is worth more than $1 billion.
11. Treat yourself
This one’s personal. Many a Weekend Pitch has been fueled by snack bars from Kind, a New York-based company that, several years ago, was owned by consumer-focused private equity firm VMG Partners. And now it will have a new owner: Mars, the candy company behind M&Ms, Snickers, 3 Musketeers and more, agreed this week to acquire Kind, with The New York Times reporting a $5 billion valuation on the deal.